The authoritative Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s and new “Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2019” provides the following key facts:

  • The volume of international transfers of major arms in 2015–19 was 5.5% higher than in 2010–14 and 20% higher than in 2005–2009.
  • The five largest arms exporters in 2015–19 were the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China. Together, they accounted for 76% of all arms exports in 2015–19.
  • In 2015–19 US arms exports accounted for 36% of the global total and were 23% higher than in 2010–14.
  • Russian arms exports decreased by 18% between 2010–14 and 2015–19.
  • French, German and Chinese arms exports in 2015–19 were higher than in 2010–14, with respective increases of 72%, 17% and 6.3%.
  • The five largest arms importers in 2015–19 — Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia and China — together received 36% of all arms imports.
  • The main recipient region in 2015–19 was Asia and Oceania (accounting for 41% of global arms imports), followed by the Middle East (35%), Europe (11%), Africa (7.2%) and the Americas (5.7%).
  • Between 2010–14 and 2015–19, there were increases in arms imports by states in the Middle East (by 61%) and by states in Europe (3.2%). There were decreases in arms imports by states in Africa (–16%), the Americas (–40%) and Asia and Oceania (–7.9%).

The full report is here: HTTPS://WWW.SIPRI.ORG/SITES/DEFAULT/FILES/2020-03/FS_2003_AT_2019.PDF