DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE – Bureau of Industry and Security
15 CFR Part 742
[Docket No. 201214-0341]
Change to the License Review Policy for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) to Reflect Revised United States UAS Export Policy
AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce.
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: Consistent with President Donald J. Trump’s July 24, 2020 announcement of a change in U.S. policy regarding the export of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is amending the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) licensing review policy with respect to certain UAS that are controlled for Missile Technology (MT) reasons. UAS that have a range and payload capability equal to or greater than 300 kilometers (km)/500 kilograms (kg) are identified on the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex as Category I items. Pursuant to this amendment, BIS will review export and reexport license applications involving UAS that fall within these parameters and a maximum true airspeed of less than 800 km/hour (hr) for export licensing review purposes on a case-by-case basis under the more flexible review policy generally applied to MTCR Category II items under the EAR. BIS will also review MT items for the design, development, production, or use in such UAS on a case-by-case basis. This policy change reflects a reasonable approach to technological change and the protection of the national security and economic interests of the United States,
while simultaneously remaining committed to the MTCR and its core nonproliferation objectives.