The following is from President Joe Biden’s 9 April 2021 correspondence to Congressional
Appropriators outlining his Administration’s topline request for fiscal year (FY) 2022
discretionary funding.

“The discretionary request proposes $769 billion in non-defense discretionary funding in
FY 2022, a 16 percent increase over the FY 2021 enacted level, and $753 billion for national
defense programs, a 1.7 percent increase.”

With specific regard to defense spending, the correspondence notes:

The Department of Defense (DOD) is responsible for the military forces needed
to deter war and ensure the Nation’s security. The 2022 discretionary request
provides the resources to: defend America and deter adversaries while ensuring
America is positioned for strategic competition; support America’s servicemembers
and their families; repair and leverage alliances and partnerships; preserve America’s
technological edge; bolster economic competitiveness; and combat 21st Century
security threats such as climate change.

The President’s 2022 discretionary request includes $715 billion for DOD. The discretionary
request also discontinues requests for Overseas Contingency Operations as a separate funding
category, instead funding direct war costs and enduring operations in the DOD base budget,
a significant budgetary reform. It:

Deters China. The discretionary request prioritizes the need to counter the threat from
China as the Department’s top challenge. The Department would also seek to deter
destabilizing behavior by Russia. Leveraging the Pacific Deterrence Initiative and
working together with allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region and the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization, DOD would ensure that the United States builds the
concepts, capabilities, and posture necessary to meet these challenges.

Supports Defense Research and Development. DOD plays an important role in
Federal research and development that spurs innovation, yields high-value technology,
ensures American dominance against near-peer adversaries, and creates good-paying
jobs. The discretionary request prioritizes defense research, development, test, and
evaluation funding to invest in breakthrough technologies that would drive innovation
and underpin the development of next-generation defense capabilities.

Optimizes U.S. Naval Shipbuilding. Maintaining U.S. naval power is critical to
reassuring allies and signaling U.S. resolve to potential adversaries. The discretionary
request proposes executable and responsible investments in the U.S. Navy fleet. In
addition, the discretionary request continues the recapitalization of the Nation’s strategic
ballistic missile submarine fleet, and invests in remotely operated and autonomous
systems and the next generation attack submarine program.

Modernizes the Nuclear Deterrent. The discretionary request maintains a strong,
credible nuclear deterrent for the security of the Nation and U.S. allies. While the
Administration is reviewing the U.S. nuclear posture, the discretionary request supports
ongoing nuclear modernization programs while ensuring that these efforts are
sustainable.

Invests in Long-Range Fire Capabilities. The safety and security of the Nation
requires a strong, sustainable, and responsive mix of long-range strike capabilities. The
discretionary request invests in the development and testing of hypersonic strike
capabilities while enhancing existing long-range strike capabilities to bolster deterrence
and improve survivability and response timelines.

Ensures Readiness. The discretionary request continues to ensure that U.S. Soldiers,
Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Guardians remain the best trained and equipped force in
the world and are always ready to fulfill their obligation to protect the security of the
American people.

Promotes Climate Resilience and Energy Efficiencies. It is vital to national security
that U.S. military installations, and the mission critical capabilities these installations
support, are resilient to climate-induced extreme weather. The discretionary request
supports efforts to plan for and mitigate impacts of climate change and improve the
resilience of DOD facilities and operations. The discretionary request also invests in
power and energy research and development in order to improve installation and platform
energy performance and optimize military capability.

Counters Emerging Biological Threats. The discretionary request funds programs that
support biological threat reduction in cooperation with global partners, emerging
infectious disease surveillance, biosafety and biosecurity, and medical countermeasure
research and development.

Fulfills America’s Commitment to Military Families. Military families are key to the
readiness and well-being of the All-Volunteer Force, and therefore are critical to national
security. The discretionary request supports military families by prioritizing programs
that directly support military spouses, caregivers, survivors, and dependents.

Divests Legacy Capacity and Force Structure. The discretionary request supports
DOD’s plan to divest legacy systems and programs to redirect resources from low- to
high-priority programs, platforms, and systems. Some legacy force structure is too costly
to maintain and operate, and no longer provides the capabilities needed to address
national security challenges. The discretionary request enables DOD to reinvest savings
associated with divestitures and other efficiencies to higher priority investments.